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Trailblazers: AETC honors first women pilots in Air Force history

In 1975, the chief of staff of the Air Force announced the establishment of a test program for female pilots and navigators. Although women had already proven their ability to fly military aircraft, such as the WASPs had in World War II, this test program would establish a precedent for the future of Air Force female pilots. The candidates were all Air Force officers from various career fields, including a nurse, engineer, and maintenance officer.

Lt. Gen. Brad Webb, commander of Air Education and Training Command, speaks to Undergraduate Pilot Training Class 77-08 during the Trailblazer Room dedication ceremony June 29, 2020, at Joint Base San Antonio-Randolph, Texas. Located in the AETC headquarters main building, the newly renamed Trailblazer Room was dedicated to the first 10 women who earned their silver wings Sept. 2, 1977. (U.S. Air Force photo by Sean M. Worrell)

Lt. Gen. Brad Webb, commander of Air Education and Training Command, speaks to Undergraduate Pilot Training Class 77-08 during the Trailblazer Room dedication ceremony June 29, 2020, at Joint Base San Antonio-Randolph, Texas. Located in the AETC headquarters main building, the newly renamed Trailblazer Room was dedicated to the first 10 women who earned their silver wings Sept. 2, 1977. (U.S. Air Force photo by Sean M. Worrell)

Retired U.S. Air Force Lt. Col. Sandra Scott speaks about her experiences in undergraduate pilot training during the Trailblazer Room dedication ceremony June 29, 2020, at Joint Base San Antonio-Randolph, Texas. Located in the AETC headquarters main building, the newly renamed Trailblazer Room was dedicated to the first 10 women who earned their silver wings Sept. 2, 1977. (U.S. Air Force photo by Sean M. Worrell)

Retired U.S. Air Force Lt. Col. Sandra Scott speaks about her experiences in undergraduate pilot training during the Trailblazer Room dedication ceremony June 29, 2020, at Joint Base San Antonio-Randolph, Texas. Located in the AETC headquarters main building, the newly renamed Trailblazer Room was dedicated to the first 10 women who earned their silver wings Sept. 2, 1977. (U.S. Air Force photo by Sean M. Worrell)

Retired U.S. Air Force Lt. Col. Mary Livingston speaks about her experiences in undergraduate pilot training during the Trailblazer Room dedication ceremony June 29, 2020, at Joint Base San Antonio-Randolph, TX. Located in the AETC headquarters main building, the newly renamed Trailblazer Room was dedicated to the first 10 women who earned their silver wings Sept. 2, 1977. (U.S. Air Force photo by Sean M. Worrell)

Retired U.S. Air Force Lt. Col. Mary Livingston speaks about her experiences in undergraduate pilot training during the Trailblazer Room dedication ceremony June 29, 2020, at Joint Base San Antonio-Randolph, TX. Located in the AETC headquarters main building, the newly renamed Trailblazer Room was dedicated to the first 10 women who earned their silver wings Sept. 2, 1977. (U.S. Air Force photo by Sean M. Worrell)

Retired U.S. Air Force Lt. Col. Connie Engel speaks about her experiences in undergraduate pilot training during the Trailblazer Room dedication ceremony June 29, 2020, at Joint Base San Antonio-Randolph, TX. Located in the AETC headquarters main building, the newly renamed Trailblazer Room was dedicated to the first 10 women who earned their silver wings Sept. 2, 1977. (U.S. Air Force photo by Sean M. Worrell)

Retired U.S. Air Force Lt. Col. Connie Engel speaks about her experiences in undergraduate pilot training during the Trailblazer Room dedication ceremony June 29, 2020, at Joint Base San Antonio-Randolph, TX. Located in the AETC headquarters main building, the newly renamed Trailblazer Room was dedicated to the first 10 women who earned their silver wings Sept. 2, 1977. (U.S. Air Force photo by Sean M. Worrell)

Retired U.S. Air Force Col. Kathleen Cosand speaks about her experiences during undergraduate pilot training during the Trailblazer Room dedication ceremony June 29, 2020, at Joint Base San Antonio-Randolph, Texas. Located in the AETC headquarters main building, the newly renamed Trailblazer Room was dedicated to the first 10 women who earned their silver wings Sept. 2, 1977. (U.S. Air Force photo by Sean M. Worrell)

Retired U.S. Air Force Col. Kathleen Cosand speaks about her experiences in undergraduate pilot training during the Trailblazer Room dedication ceremony June 29, 2020, at Joint Base San Antonio-Randolph, Texas. Located in the AETC headquarters main building, the newly renamed Trailblazer Room was dedicated to the first 10 women who earned their silver wings Sept. 2, 1977. (U.S. Air Force photo by Sean M. Worrell)

JOINT BASE SAN ANTONIO-RANDOLPH, Texas – In honor of the first women who became pilots of the U.S. Air Force, Air Education and Training Command officials renamed the Martin Hall Conference Room, the Trailblazer Room, during a virtual ceremony here June 29, 2020.

Located in the AETC headquarters main building, the newly renamed Trailblazer Room was dedicated to the first 10 women who earned their silver wings Sept. 2, 1977.

“The women of class 77-08 truly broke barriers,” said Lt. Gen. Brad Webb, AETC commander, who presided over the ceremony. “They lived the fact that glass ceilings were a reality simply because they were women. These trailblazers paved the way for future generations of female pilots and their influence on our Air Force is still felt today.”

The 10 women of undergraduate pilot training class 77-08 who were honored are—Kathleen A. Cosand, Victoria K. Crawford, Mary E. Donahue, Connie J. Engel, Kathy LaSauce, Mary M. Livingston, Susan D. Rogers, Carol A. Scherer, Christine E. Schott, and Sandra M. Scott.

In 1975, Chief of Staff of the Air Force, Gen. David C. Jones, announced the launch of a test program that would enable women to enter pilot training and staff a now all-volunteer force after the abolishment of the military draft following the Vietnam War.

“This was the first time, nearly three decades after the birth of the Air Force, that women were allowed to join the service as equals to men and enter pilot and navigator career fields,” said Webb. “This dedication will serve as a reminder for all of us of the courage these female pioneers showed while shattering those glass ceilings.”

Sept. 26, 1976, these 10 women, alongside their 35 male classmates, began UPT at Williams Air Force Base, Arizona, and cemented their place in history.

Accumulating more than 210 flight hours in the T-37 Tweet and T-38 Talon aircrafts, they successfully completed UPT and went on to achieve more historical feats in their Air Force careers that pioneered future generations of women to follow.

Mary E. Donahue

Donahue became the first woman to serve as an instructor pilot assigned to the Air Force Academy, where she taught senior cadets to fly the T-41 trainer and was an educator in the department of mathematical science.

Susan D. Rogers           

Flying a C-141 Starlifter, Rogers evacuated victims of a bombing attack on Marine barracks in Beirut, Lebanon. She died from cancer in 1992 and left behind a legacy of excellence.

Christine E. Schott

Schott was the first woman to solo in the Northrop T-38A Talon at Williams AFB, Arizona.

She later became the first woman to qualify and serve as an aircraft commander on the C-9A Nightingale medical transport and command its first all-female aircrew.

Connie J. Engel

Engel, the class leader, was the first in her class to solo in the T-37 Nov. 30, 1976, earning her one of the three Distinguished Graduate awards, the Officer Training Award for exhibiting “high qualities of military bearing and leadership,” and the Air Training Commander’s Trophy as top graduate.

Following graduation, she became the first female T-38 instructor and flew the T-38 chase for the space shuttle program.

Kathy LaSauce

LaSauce became the first female pilot to command a C-141 and the first woman to serve as a presidential support pilot.

She joined the Air Force in 1972 and received one of only two slots available for women to attend Air Force Officer Training School. After graduating OTS, LaSauce was selected as one of the first female officers in aircraft maintenance, a newly opened career field for women at that time. Her experience in aircraft maintenance helped her gain one of the 10 slots for women to enter pilot training.

“I loved aircraft maintenance,” said LaSauce. “I loved working around airplanes. When pilot training opened for women, I knew that was what I wanted to do.”

Although LaSauce’s interest in becoming a pilot was not met with optimism by society, she did so anyway.

“I wanted to play the trumpet and they said ‘no, girls don’t play the trumpet,’ so I played the trumpet,” said LaSauce. “I wanted to be a drum major and they said ‘no, girls aren’t drum majors’ so I became a drum major. When I set my heart on doing something, I didn’t listen to those who told me I couldn’t.”

Sandra M. Scott

Scott became the first female tanker commander to perform alert duty for the Strategic Air Command.

She joined Air Force ROTC at Oregon State University in 1970 after school officials had opened the program to women only a year prior. Following her commissioning in 1973, she was stationed at Tyndall Air Force Base, Florida, for weapons controller training where she was first exposed to aviation.

After completing her first assignment, she went to King Salmon Air Force Station, Alaska, where she met pilots who were conducting alert missions. When the Air Force announced its test program, she applied and was accepted.

“My parents infused in me the idea that it wasn’t about me being a woman,” said Scott. “It was that I had abilities and that I could use those abilities to accomplish anything.”

In spite of the women’s accomplishments during pilot training, they faced disparaging public opinion.

Some male flight instructors opposed the test program and didn’t believe women should fly, a position they expressed openly during training.

LaSauce recalled a time when an instructor told Livingston, “I don’t know why I’m teaching you how to fly the T-38 because you’ll never be a fighter pilot.” LaSauce said her flight commander shared the same sentiment, stating that if he had his way, none of the women would graduate.

In the face of these unique challenges, they knew that the future of women in aviation rested on their success.

“Women would not be flying combat missions, flying fighters or commanding flying squadrons if we didn’t succeed,” said LaSauce. “We knew in our hearts we needed to do well.”

Although it was another 30 years before women were allowed to fly in combat missions, the 10 trailblazers forged a path for the women who followed.

“About a year later, female astronauts began training at Vance Air Force Base, Oklahoma,” said Gary Boyd, AETC command historian. “The success of the group ushered in the modern era of military aviation.”

Decades later, honoring their stories and the historical feats of each of the women from UPT class 77-08, uplifted the honorees.

“It warms my heart that Air Education and Training Command decided to tell our story,” said Scott. “It’s the story of women who broke barriers.”

As of January 2020, women make up 21 percent of all Air Force members. Of the 328,255 active duty members, 68,470 are women, with 806 who serve as pilots, 347 navigators and 233 air battle managers, according to Air Force Personnel Center officials.

“There is no denying the trailblazing women of class 77-08 were set up in such a way that failure would have been easy,” said Webb. “But that’s not what Airmen do. Through grit and determination not only did they succeed, they excelled.”